These include pellet hard feed, mixed grain feeds, straight oats, barley and maize. They are given in a straight or in a mixed form and are used to increase the protein percentage and general energy of the horse’s intake. They should be used for the horse in medium to heavy work, late pregnant mares, nursing mares or growing young stock, all of which require an increased protein and energy intake.

When they are given, concentrates should be offered in small amounts at regular intervals rather than all in one feed.