Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease (FLUTD) is a common condition that affects many cats, and we want to ensure that you have the knowledge necessary to provide the best care for your beloved pet.

FLUTD refers to a group of conditions that affect the lower urinary tract of cats, including bladder infections, urinary stones, bladder inflammation and urethral obstruction.

The exact cause of FLUTD can be multifaceted and may involve factors such as diet, stress and individual predispositions.

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Signs and symptoms

  • Frequent attempts to urinate
  • Straining or difficulty while urinating
  • Blood in the urine
  • Urinating outside the litter box
  • Urinating in small amounts
  • Crying or vocalising while urinating
  • Licking the genital area excessively

If you notice any of these symptoms, it is crucial to contact us straight away.

Early detection and intervention can prevent complications and ensure the best outcome for your cat.


Diagnosing FLUTD may involve a combination of physical examination, urinalysis, blood tests and imaging studies such as x-rays or ultrasound.

These diagnostic tools help us identify the underlying cause of your cat’s urinary symptoms and guide the appropriate treatment plan.

If your cat is showing signs of FLUTD, book an appointment to see your vet.

Treatment options

The treatment for FLUTD will depend on the specific diagnosis. Common treatment options include:

Medication – depending on the underlying cause, we may prescribe medications to relieve pain, reduce inflammation or address bacterial infections.

Dietary modifications – special diets formulated to promote urinary health are available. They can help prevent the formation of urinary stones and maintain a healthy urinary pH.

Increased water intake – encouraging your cat to drink more water can help dilute urine and prevent the accumulation of crystals or stones. Providing fresh water sources and considering a water fountain may help entice them to drink more.

Stress reduction – stress is known to contribute to FLUTD. Creating a calm and enriched environment for your cat, with appropriate hiding places, interactive toys and vertical spaces can help reduce stress levels.


While not all cases of FLUTD can be prevented, you can take some measures to reduce the risk for your cat:

Provide a balanced diet – feed your cat high-quality, balanced cat food that supports urinary health.

Encourage hydration – ensure fresh water is readily available at all times and consider adding moisture to your cat’s diet through wet food or water fountains.

Maintain a clean litter box – provide a clean litter box, as some cats may avoid urinating if the litter box is dirty or located in a noisy or high-traffic area.

Minimise stress – create a calm and stress-free environment for your cat by offering hiding places, vertical spaces and positive interactions.

If you have any further questions or concerns, we’re here to help – please get in touch with your regular practice straight away.

Together, we can ensure the well-being and happiness of your feline companion.